Early Childhood Family Environment and Parent Engagement in Learning Fact Sheet

Early Childhood Family Environment and Parent Engagement in Learning Fact Sheet



Family Environment

Table 1
Living Arrangements of Children by Age: 2007

 

Under 1

1-2 year olds

3-5 year olds

Lived with married parents

69%

71%

71%

Lived with mother as sole adult

11%

11%

14%

Lived with father as sole adult

0%

1%

1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC), 2007(Kreider & Elliott, 2009, p. 16, Fig. 9).

The CPS ASEC, 2004, found that 1% of the first generation population (foreign born) and 15% of the second generation population (natives with either parent born in a foreign country) were 0-4 years old (U.S. Census Bureau, 2005, Table 5.1).

The CPS ASEC, 2008 and 2009, found that 21.3% of children under 6 years old lived below the poverty level (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor, & Smith, 2009, p. 14, Table 4).

According to the Early Childhood Program Participation Survey (ECPP) of the 2005 National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 60% of children from birth through age 5 were in at least one weekly nonparental care arrangement. (Iruka & Carver, 2006, p. 7, Table 1).

The School Readiness Survey (SR) of the 2007 NHES,  reports that in 2006-07, 3-6 year olds who were not enrolled in kindergarten watched an average of 2.6 hours of television or videos in a typical day., (O'Donnell, 2008, p. 15, Table 6).

In the CPS 2003, 19.9% of 3-4 year olds used the Internet and 64.6% of them used it to play games (Snyder, Dillow, & Hoffman, 2009, p. 621, Table 428).



Parent Involvement in Learning

According to the 2005 Early Childhood Program Participation Survey (ECPP) of the NHES, 86% of 3-5 year olds not yet in kindergarten were told a story by a family member in the past week,  95% were taught letters, words, or numbers, and 98% of family members participated by reading to their child. (Iruka & Carver, 2006, p. 67, Table 16).

Table 2
The Frequency That Family Members Read to 3-6 Year Olds in the Past Week: 2006-07

 

Not at all

Once or twice

Three or more times

Every day

Mean daily

reading

time in minutes

3-6 year olds

3%

13%

28%

55%

20.9

Source: The School Readiness Survey (SR) of the 2007 NHES, (O'Donnell, 2008, p. 11, Table 4).

According to the SR of the 2007 NHES, parents also reported engaging in specific reading-related activities with their 3-6 year olds:

  • 55% asked a child what was in the picture
  • 31% stopped reading and pointed out letters
  • 24% asked their child to read with them
  • 56% talked about the story and what happened (O'Donnell, 2008, p. 13, Table 5).



References

DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B.D., & Smith, J.C. (2009). Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2008 (P60-236). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.

Kreider, R.M. & Elliott, D.B. (2009) America's Families and Living Arrangements: 2007 (P20-561).Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. 

Iruka, I.U. & Carver, P.R. (2006). Initial Results from the 2005 National Household Education Surveys (NHES) Early Childhood Program Participation Survey(NCES 2006-075). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). 

O'Donnell, K. (2008). Parents' Reports of the School Readiness of Young Children from the National House     hold Education Surveys Program of 2007 (NCES 2008-051). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, NCES. 

Snyder, T.D., Dillow, S.A., & Hoffman, C.M. (2009). Digest of Education Statistics 2008. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Education, NCES.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2005).Table 5.1. Population by Sex, Age, and Generation: 2004. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/foreign/ppl-176.html.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau (2007). The National Survey of

Children with Special Health Care Needs Chartbook 2005–2006. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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