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From: Howard Dooley (
Date: Fri Mar 18 2005 - 15:41:35 EST

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Subject: [NIFL-ASSESSMENT:992] RE: Adult Upgrading Students?
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Interesting.  I typed "define adult upgrading students" into google
(what did I ever do pre-google?) and got an interesting return. , entitled.  "4.
Adult Literacy Lessons Learned."  (The home for this page is a Canadian
Government site, "Evaluation and Data Development (EDD), one of the
largest evaluation shops in the Federal Government, provides relevant,
reliable, objective and timely information on the efficiency and
effectiveness of Human Resources Development Canada's (HRDC) programs."

Anyway, this page is replete with the "upgrading" adjective.  If you do
a find on "upgrading" you eventually come to "Lesson 3 Adult literacy
programs aimed at specific target groups appear to have better results."
where the term "upgrading adult students" first appears.  If you
continue to down to the sub-section "Classroom-based Adult Basic
Education Programs" you will find the interesting statement: 

Some programs are offered in the context of upgrading for further
education or training.  According to Hambly (1998), an effective adult
upgrading or basic education (ABE) classroom-based program has the
following characteristics.

I believe this is how the term is used in the paper referenced.  I
haven't had time to track down Hambly yet, but I think the information
in this webpage clearly defines upgrading students as learners
"upgrading their skills."  And so on.

If anyone has the Hambly reference, thanks.  Otherwise, its into
ERIC...well, as Scarlet said "But I'm so tired, I'll think about it

Howard L. Dooley, Jr.
Director of Accountability, Project RIRAL

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