Integrated Education and Training (IET)

This policy brief summarizes Integrated Education and Training (IET), which is a combination of education and job skills training that is used to transition adult learners beyond adult basic education and through a career pathway that can offer them job training and eventual gainful employment.

Mariann Fedele-McLeod
Sudie Whalen
Anestine Hector Mason
Carolyn McGavock
Author(s) Organizational Affiliation
American Institutes for Research
San Diego Community College District
Publication Year
Resource Type
Informational Material
Number of Pages

This brief presents the Integrated Education and Training (IET) model as a way to support adults in gaining the skills needed to enter a career pathway that leads to living wage jobs. IET programs combine adult basic skills education and job skills training to offer adult learners a streamlined opportunity to transition from adult basic education classes to employment and/or postsecondary educational opportunities.  This brief overviews different teaching models for offering an IET (e.g., co-teaching and alternating teaching).  They then delve into a more refined description of each of these teaching models, indicating the benefits and possible drawbacks of each teaching model. The authors also identify key components and considerations when planning, developing, and offering an IET (e.g., data collection to monitor implementation and engage in continuous improvement, funding sources). Embedded in the brief are descriptions of two successful IET programs that offer concrete examples of this model and the resulting student outcomes.  The authors note that delivering an IET may require a larger investment due greater implementation costs; however, higher rates of student outcomes and greater transitions to employment and education may make the investment worthwhile.  

What the experts say

This CALPRO Brief is what a good brief ought to be: succinct, concise, clear, and helpful for users. It provides a basic overview explaining how the components of Integrated Education and Training (IET) can be delivered concurrently and contextually and builds a case for states and programs to implement integrated education and training.  It is short and easy to read and provides a good starting point for discussions around the benefits of IET and considerations to think about when developing an IET. Specific examples are given to explain different ways occupational skills training and basic skills instruction can be integrated using co-teaching and alternating teaching models. A list of ten possible funding sources for IETs is included. One caution for users – it is dated 2017, which makes it several years out of date.  Users may want to seek current data on, for example, correlations between poverty and academic skill levels. 

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