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Assessment Strategies and Reading Profiles

Reading ComponentsRR

Proficient readers experience reading as a seamless processalmost as if the text is "talking" to them. However, teachers who work with struggling readers find it helpful to deconstruct the reading process into its component parts.  The components of reading can be divided into two groups:

  • Print Skills
  • Meaning Skills

Both Print Skills and Meaning Skills contribute to Reading Comprehension.

Reading Components


   boxes of Print Components and Meaning Components pointing to Reading Comprehension


ASRP has selected five key reading components that illustrate the different patterns of reading strengths and weaknesses among adult learners: Word Recognition, Spelling, Word Meaning, Silent Reading Comprehension, and Fluency (oral reading rate). These components were chosen because they are major determinates of reading ability, and because most ASRP users will be able to find tests to assess them. Each of the components has its own section on the menu. To learn more about the components of reading, begin with the Print Skills, then view the Meaning Skills.

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