Early Childhood School Readiness and Knowledge Fact Sheet

Early Childhood School Readiness and Knowledge Fact Sheet



School Enrollment and School Readiness

In the Current Population Survey of 2008, 52.8% of 3-4 year olds were enrolled in nursery or kindergarten. (U.S. Census Bureau, Table 1).

The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort 2001 (ECLS-B) results indicated that in the year prior to entering kindergarten, 83.2% of children born in 2001 were in nonparental early care and education ( Denton Flanagan & McPhee, 2009, p. 7, Table 1).

In the School Readiness survey (SR) of the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 2007, found that 89% of parents of 3-6 year olds not yet enrolled in kindergarten intended to enroll them in kindergarten on time; 7% planned delayed entry; and 1% planned early entry.  (O'Donnell, 2008, p.5, Table 1).

In the SR of the NHES, 2007, parents of 3-6 year olds not yet enrolled in kindergarten reported that

Findings of the SR of the NHES, 2007, showed that 56% of parents believed that it is essential to teach their child the alphabet to prepare them for kindergarten and 45% believed that it is essential teach their child to read. (O'Donnell, 2008, p. 9, Table 3).



Knowledge and Skills of Young Children

In 2001-02, the ECLS-B reported that 29.6% of children at about 9 months of age could jabber excessively and 0.6% could name objects. (Snyder, Dillow, & Hoffman, 2009, p.172, Table 112).

In 2003-04, results from the ECLS-B indicated that 84.5% of children at about 2 years of age had receptive vocabulary skills; 63.9% had expressive vocabulary skills; and 36.6% had listening comprehension skills. (Snyder, Dillow, & Hoffman, 2009, p. 173, Table 113).

In 2005-06, the ECLS-B reported that 32.7% of children at about 4 years of age were proficient at recognizing the letters of the alphabet.  (Snyder, Dillow, & Hoffman, 2009, p.174, Table 114).

Socio-Emotional Development and Health Status

The ECLS-B, 2003-04, found that 61.6% of children at about 2 years of age had a secure emotional attachment to their parents in 2003-04. (Snyder, Dillow, & Hoffman, 2009, p. 173, Table 113).

Table 1
The Health Status of Children Age 0-4: 2008

 

Excellent

Very Good

Good

Fair or Poor

0-4 year olds

59.5%

25.3%

14.0%

1.2%

Source: The National Health Interview Survey of 2008 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2009, Table 6 ).

Findings of  the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, 2005-06, showed that 8.8% of children age 0-5 had special health care needs (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,  2007, p.10).



References

DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B.D., & Smith, J.C. (2009). Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2008 (P60-236). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.

Denton Flanagan, K., & McPhee, C. (2009). The Children Born in 2001 at Kindergarten Entry: First Findings from the Kindergarten Data Collections of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)(NCES 2010-005). Washington, DC:  U.S. Department of Education, NCES.

Iruka, I.U. & Carver, P.R. (2006). Initial Results from the 2005 National Household Education Surveys (NHES) Early Childhood Program Participation Survey(NCES 2006-075). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES

Kreider, R.M. & Elliott, D.B. (2009) America's Families and Living Arrangements: 2007 (P20-561).Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. 

O'Donnell, K. (2008). Parents' Reports of the School Readiness of Young Children from the National House     hold Education Surveys Program of 2007 (NCES 2008-051). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, NCES.

Snyder, T.D., Dillow, S.A., & Hoffman, C.M. (2009). Digest of Education Statistics 2008. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Education, NCES.

U.S. Census Bureau (2008). Table 1. Enrollment Status of the Population 3 Years Old
and Over, by Sex, Age, Race, Hispanic Origin, Foreign Born, and Foreign-Born Parentage: October 2008. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/school/cps2008.html.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2005).Table 5.1. Population by Sex, Age, and Generation: 2004. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/foreign/ppl-176.html.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau (2007). The National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs Chartbook 2005–2006. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2009) Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Children: National Health Interview Survey, 2008 (DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 2010-1572). Vital and Health Statistics, 10(244). Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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