Early Childhood Reading Components

Predictor Skills

A research synthesis published by the National Institute for Literacy in January 2009 identified the skills most important for the later development of literacy. The National Early Literacy Panel examined the most rigorous scientific research available on language, literacy, and communication in young children ages birth through five using a methodology consistent with that used by the National Reading Panel (NRP). The Panel found strong evidence of the importance of specific predictor skills such as:

  • Knowing the names of printed letters
  • Knowing the sounds associated with printed letters
  • Manipulating the sounds of spoken language
  • Rapidly naming a sequence of letters, numbers, objects or colors
  • Writing one’s own name or even isolated letters
  • Remembering the content of spoken language for a short time

To read more about reading components and predictor skills, visit the National Early Literacy Panel page.