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K-3 Family Environment and Parent Engagement in Learning Fact Sheet

K-3 Family Environment and Parent Engagement in Learning Fact Sheet



Family Environment

Table 1
Living Arrangements of Children by Age: 2007

 

6-11 year olds

Lived with married parents

70%

Lived with mother as sole adult

17%

Lived with father as sole adult

2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC), 2007( Kreider, p. 16, Fig. 9).

The After-School Programs and Activities (ASPA) Survey of the 2005 National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES) indicated that 43% of grade K-2 students were in at least one weekly nonparental after-school care arrangement ( Carver & Iruka, 2006, p. 7, Table 1).

Table 2
The Health Status of Children Ages 5-11

 

Excellent

Very Good

Good

Fair or Poor

5-11 year olds

54.6%

27.6%

16.1%

1.8%

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2008 ( U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2009, Table 6).

According to the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, 2005-06, findings showed that 16% of 6-11 year olds had special health care needs. ( U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2007, p. 10). 

In the CPS, 2003, 42% of 5-9 year olds used the Internet, and 62.5% of 5-9-year-old students used home computers. (Snyder, Dillow, & Hoffman, 2009, p. 621, Table 428 and Table 430).

The American Community Survey (ACS) of 2007 found that 20% of 5-17 year olds spoke a language other than English at home and 5% spoke English with difficulty (Planty et al., 2009, p. 19, Fig. 8-1).  

The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort 2001 (ECLS-B) found that approximately one in five children (18.5%) who entered kindergarten for the first time was living in a household where the primary language was not English (Denton Flanagan & McPhee, 2009, p. 3).

The CPS ASEC, 2004, found that 2.1% of the first generation population (foreign born) and 12.7% of the second generation population (natives with either parent born in a foreign country) were 5-9 years old (U.S. Census Bureau, 2005, Table 5.1).



Parent Involvement in Learning

The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) findings indicated that 46% of parents read to their kindergartners every day. (Coley, 2002, p. 55, Fig. 31).

In the Parent and Family Involvement in Education (PFI) survey of the NHES of 2007, 90% of parents of grades K-2 students reported that they had attended a parent-teacher conference and 63% had volunteered or served on a school committee. (Herrold &  O'Donnell, 2008, p. 9, Table 3 ).

In the PFI of the NHES of 2007, 100% of parents of grades K-2 students reported that an adult in the household checked that homework had been done and 84% set aside a place in the home for homework. (Herrold & O’Donnell, 2008, p. 13, Table 5 ).



References

Carver, P.R., & Iruka, I.U. (2006). After-School Programs and Activities: 2005 (NCES: 2005-076).Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).

Coley, R. J. (2002). An Uneven Start: Indicators of Inequality in School Readiness. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

Denton Flanagan, K., & McPhee, C. (2009). The Children Born in 2001 at Kindergarten Entry: First Findings from the Kindergarten Data Collections of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) (NCES 2010-005). Washington, DC:  U.S. Department of Education, NCES.

Herrold, K., & O'Donnell, K. (2008). Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey 2006-07 School Year, From the National Household Education Surveys Program of 2007 (NCES 2008-0050). Washington , DC: U.S. Department of Education, NCES.

Kreider, R.M. & Elliott, D.B. (2009) America's Families and Living Arrangements: 2007 (P20-561)Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. 

Planty, M., Hussar, W., Snyder, T., Kena, G., KewalRamani, A., Kemp, J., Bianco, K., Dinkes, R. (2009). The Condition of Education 2009. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, NCES.

Snyder, T.D., Dillow, S.A., & Hoffman, C.M. (2009). Digest of Education Statistics 2008. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Education, NCES.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2005).Table 5.1. Population by Sex, Age, and Generation: 2004. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/foreign/ppl-176.html.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (2009) Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Children: National Health Interview Survey, 2008 (DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 2010-1572). Vital and Health Statistics, 10(244). Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau (2007). The National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs Chartbook 2005–2006. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

K-3 Family Environment and Parent Engagement in Learning Fact Sheet (PDF format)