Writing Next: Effective Strategies to Improve Writing of Adolescents in Middle and High Schools

Cover of the pdf downloadby Steve Graham and Dolores Perin

Access Report

Highlights specific techniques for teaching writing and identifies 11 elements of writing instruction found to be effective for helping students learn to write well and to use writing as a tool for learning. Recommendations include the following:

  1. Teach writing strategies for planning, revising, and editing
  2. Teach summarization strategies
  3. Use collaborative writing
  4. Set specific product goals for students
  5. Use word processing as instructional supports for writing assignments
  6. Teach sentence combining, which teaches students to construct more complex, sophisticated sentences
  7. Teach prewriting, which helps students generate or organize ideas for writing
  8. Use inquiry activities, which helps students in analyzing concrete data so they can develop ideas and content for a particular writing task
  9. Use a process writing approach that provides extended writing opportunities, writing for authentic audiences, personalized instruction
  10. Have students study models of good writing
  11. Use writing as a tool for learning across content areas

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